Nouns: Proper and common nouns

1st Part
Proper and common nouns

2nd Part
Countable vs. Uncountable Nouns

3nd Part
Collective and compound nouns

Grammar in use

  • Topic : The proper nouns
  • Skills : Grammar


What is a noun?
A noun is a word that is a person, an animal, a place, an object or an idea.






What is the plural of a noun?
It is 2, 3, 4, etc. It is not 0 or 1. It is more than 1.

two cats

three bananas

What is a proper noun?
A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place or organisation. It starts with a capital letter. Generally, there is no article before.

Steve (first name), Mr. Smith (last name), Japan (country), London (city), March (month), Wednesday (day)

What is a common noun?
A common noun is the name of a thing, such as an object, a place, or a person. They can be described as naming words.

Object: table, cup
Place: garden, kitchen
Person : teacher, sister

Proper nouns complement
We use “the” before a country’s name when this name includes a noun (such as state, kingdom…).

Maria has never been to the Netherlands.
He travels from the United States to the United Kingdom every year.

The capital letter is not just for proper nouns. It is also used for each word in a title, whether a book title, a person’s title, etc.

Vice-President Jones
A Midsummer Night’s Dream World Food Prices Increase
The Formation of Noun
Unfortunately, there is no simple rule that connects a noun to the adjective or verb it comes from. But they generally look similar.

Nouns coming from a verb:
to organize  organization
to change change
to try  trial

Nouns coming from an adjective:
strong  strength
stupid  stupidity
intelligent  intelligence
“The‟ is used before superlatives.


The most expensive object is not necessarily the best.
She was the first woman from here to become a doctor.
The nearest bakery is down the street. “The‟ also refers to a class of people or objects.£


The nene is the official state bird of Hawaii.
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.

Answer the following questions